960 posts • joined 6 Jan 2012
Re: Should be interesting to hear their excuses
Because 'one rogue engineer' isn't going to work.
Two rogue engineers?
Stanch is a N.American use and not used in the UK.
From the Oxford Popular English Dictionary, 1998 edition (one I happen to have to hand):
stanch /sta:ntſ/ v.t. to stop the flow of (blood etc.); to stop the flow from (a wound). [f. OF estanchier]
That is the entire entry. Nothing about it being Merkin usage, which is what it would say if, indeed, it was mainly Merkin usage. Nothing about it being archaic, either.
Online dictionaries (less trustworthy, IMO) say the same. Although many of them mention that "stanch" is a Merkin variant spelling of "staunch."
Would you care to provide sources backing up your claim?
I realize that English dictionaries are descriptive, not prescriptive, and so eventually condone gross misuse (such that "cleave" became its own antonym) but...
It's "stanch" not "staunch."
Just a staunch pedant trying to stanch the flow, here...
Shocked I tell you.
I would never have believed Uber capable of making dodgy products. This is a complete surprise. A bolt out of the blue.
How long is it going to be before these 'manufacturers' realise that 100% self driving/flying vehicles are simply NOT going to happen any time soon?
They already know, and have known for many years.
How long will it be before you realize the publicity value of announcements like these? :) Think "brand awareness." Think "people talking about the stupid idea in the pub."
Every so often a particularly annoying advert appears in the media. People complain, the company apologizes and says it never intended the advert to be annoying. Except for once, when one company admitted the advert was intended to be annoying. Because a large proportion of the market consists of stupid people. Stupid enough that, although the advert annoys them, the next day in the supermarket they remember the brand name but not the reason why they remember it, so purchase the product when they see it.
Audi just got a load of brand awareness for very little cost. So did Airbus, although it will probably gain them little unless a few Saudi princes have a chat about the advert.
Re: Jack the ripper was the lock ness monster. Fact.
I get to reference one of my favourite films and I get a downvote
Perhaps because people expected the clip to be funny or otherwise entertaining. Or even relevant, in some way, to the article.
Re: Always the bribes made, never the bribed
site:theregister.co.uk lily cole
That might answer your question. Or not. I can't be arsed following the links to find out.
I wish I could upvote you more than once for that.
I also wonder how much of this automotive stuff has what aviation calls a "reversionary mode." Whereby if a system like the hydraulics fails critical controls are still operable by mechanical linkages. Well, that's old-school because these days it's fly-by-wire, but there is still either multiple redundancy or some form of reversion in avionics.
Hell, even automotive design had reversion in days of yore. Hydraulic power steering used to be designed in such a way that if the hydraulics failed you still had brute-force steering. It was a very elegant design embedding a spool valve in a mechanical steering system. The spool valve was part of a negative feedback loop and the set point was controlled by the steering wheel. If the hydraulics failed the steering wheel pushed the entire body of the (now useless) spool valve operating the linkage mechanically (very hard to describe in words and I've just done a bad job of it). That was real engineering design. Modern design seems to be "cross your fingers and hope the s/w doesn't crash, because if the s/w crashes so does the car."
Re: GPU, video and audio on car or embedded hypervisor?
CPUs are pretty cheap;
Indeed. I've lost count of the number of cheap, tacky, pointless, gimmicky Chinesium products Big Clive has reviewed that have a Microcontroller just to achieve a repertoire of flashing LED patterns or some other equally pointless task. You could achieve the same effects with discrete logic, but that would require a lot more chips and be a lot more expensive (and a lot larger). You could achieve the same effects with an FPGA, but that would cost about (I'm talking order-of-magnitude "about") the same. You might as well throw a micocontroller at it, especially as you probably manufacture a wide range of similarly pointless products and can use the same chip in all of them.
The real cost is the programming, but with a large enough run of product that amortizes down to almost nothing.
Ob Big Clive video detailing a particularly banal use of modern technology.
Re: Alternative integration services IFTTT and Stringify
This is a far cry from home improvements that you install once and then expect to last the lifetime of the home.
My landlord, who also built my home, has a fix for that problem. He doesn't modify your smart gadgets to last longer, he just builds the home to fall apart sooner. Then you'll find that your smart gadget outlasts your home.
Re: The question is...
The way that euphemisms themselves turn into rude words is something else.
English euphemisms can be weird even if they don't subsequently become as rude or objectionable as the original word.
As a child I was puzzled when told that babies were found under gooseberry bushes. Since we had a gooseberry bush in the garden and I'd never found a baby under it, nor did I ever expect to do so, I couldn't imagine why anybody would say such a stupid thing.
It was several decades later before I learned that "gooseberry bush" was 19th-century slang for pubic hair. Then again, the sole "authority" I can find for that is a columnist in The Telegraph, so it might be wrong. Either way, "babies are found under gooseberry bushes" is a weird thing to say to a child, but if The Torygraph has it right then at least there's a logical explanation behind it.
Wow. Exposing electrical contacts to the outside world is a very clever idea.
I wonder what would happen if somebody applied high voltage to those contacts. Sufficiently high to blast the electronics to buggery. Which way would it fail? One would hope it would fail locked, otherwise burglars have an easy way in. OTOH, that would allow a DoS attack on your lock (but no worse than superglue in a conventional lock).
Except I doubt you can guarantee which way it's going to fail, unless Nest put a lot of effort into ensuring it fails locked in those circumstances. And even the best design might behave unpredictably if you used one of these bad boys on it.
Note that the above device is intended purely for high school science experiments and not for constructing a contact electroshock weapon (like a TASER, but without the dart-firing capability). It would be illegal to use one of these to construct an electroshock weapon. So it's a good thing people can't buy them dirt-cheap on eBay. Ob Big Clive video (contains one of those devices, alcohol, technical stupidity, profanity and electric shock).
Re: A lot of you are *very* keen on protecting your access to smut
Are you a troll?
Yes, he's a troll. Not a very good one, usually. This time he seems to have caught far more people than he should have. He even made a second post where it was blatantly obvious he was trolling, and people responded as though he were serious.
Re: Be careful out there...... It's the secondary damage that can get you.....
Makes one wonder how to enforce the controversial electronics ban.
Insist on the right for Customs to hoover all the information off the device. Travellers will then stick data on an SD card and buy or hire a cheap device upon arrival rather than take their device with them.
There's method to their madness...
Mains connected directly to USB, see video at 7:49
John Ward occasionally examines products from China. Such as this multiway mains extension which fails to meet safety standards in many, many different ways (proved by some entertaining destructive tests).
I get the impression from those videos, and others, that the big problem is that there are a lot of manufacturers who enter the field of electrical/electronic items without any domain knowledge. Being startups, they hire new graduates (or even hobbyists) on the cheap to do the design, who make the kinds of errors that those with a few years' experience at an established, decent manufacturer would not make. The sort of stupid things I'd have done back before I went to university. The sort of slightly less-stupid things I'd have done after I graduated but before I had some experience under my belt. Essentially Dunning-Kruger manufacturing. And that's before they decide to cut corners on what was already a shitty design in order to make a bigger profit.
I don't have "all you can eat." I have a plan from Three which gives me 30G/month tetherable, and throws in 200 minutes and unlimited texts, for £15/month. Tetherable meaning I can turn my phone into a wi-fi hotspot or hook up my home network over USB and have as many computers/users on the connection as I want.
That plan is no longer offered, although I suspect you could still get it if you pushed hard. The closest equivalent is (I think, memory may be letting me down) 30G/month tetherable + unlimited voice and texts for £17.50/month (something like that). I dislike talking to people on the phone (or in real life, for that matter), so I'd be paying an extra £2.50/month for something I don't want if I switched to that, but some people probably think it's wonderful.
Three do have unlimited plans. But you can only tether 30G/month of that. Since most of my use is tethered, the unlimited plans are of no interest to me either. If most/all of your use is untethered then they may be better for you.
Even if BT would let you have ADSL without voice (and therefore without landline charges), which they don't, Three still works out cheaper (as long as you use less than 30G a month). Add in the cost of the landline (which doesn't interest me for reasons given above) and BT works out a lot more.
Three reception here isn't great, switching between a fair 3G signal and a shitty 4G signal at whim. But Three is mostly good enough and I rarely use 30G in a month (although I try very hard to do so, and usually come close). Nearest cabinet with fibre is about 50 yards from me, so if I needed faster/more reliable I could do so but at greater expense. It's horses for courses.
Re: Can they ban tulips and devops ads too
That's a very, very, very bad suggestion.
Tulips are pretty. I like tulips. I bought some once. Didn't have to buy any more, because they reproduce underground by offsets, so they're slowly taking over the garden. Mind you, the raspberry runners are giving them a damned good fight.
So don't ban tulip ads. You initially have to buy some bulbs. Tulip ads are fine.
Re: The trend is more worrying than the security risks themselves
The same sharp knife that is essential for cutting in the kitchen also (and intrinsically) makes it a useful tool for murder. So you're left in a dilemma, particularly when you're surrounded by idiots.
A dilemma? I don't see a dilemma. If I'm surrounded by idiots and I have a sharp knife in my hand, there's only one obvious thing to do...
The thing about tides is, you don't need a moon for them. The sun also causes tides. Not as much as our moon's tides, but enough to make a difference between spring and neap tides (or swede tides, if you're Scottish). Which is a good thing, because our moon is abnormally large and it's likely to be very rare for a planet to have a moon that large. Yes, there are larger moons in our own solar system, but not as large as ours relative to the planets they orbit.
I doubt seasonal temperature variations speed up the evolution of multicellular or even intelligent life. But I could be wrong about that.
It's possible you need a molten core for life. One hypothesis for abiogenesis is the convection currents and supplies of chemicals around hydrothermal vents being ideal for polymerizing nucleotides. Those vents tend to have a lot of archaean extremophiles, and archaea predate bacteria.
The magnetic field associated with a molten core also seems important to shield the planet from harmful radiation.
otherwise they wouldn't keep doing the same things over and over again and expect different results.
If at first you don't succeed, try, try, try again. Especially if you get a massive bribe for each attempt. In that situation you don't want to succeed, otherwise you wouldn't get another bribe for trying again.
I hope the station shows Mork and Mindy
'Cos I always loved the way Mork ended every episode by saying "Xenu, Xenu."
Re: RE: Crossrail
Sometimes, the commentards around here puzzle me. Why did you get so many downvotes? What you claimed is the truth. A rather bizarre and unbelievable truth, but true nonetheless (for strange values of "truth").
Maybe you were downvoted for not providing a link. Here it is.
Maybe you were downvoted by those who found the video, watched it, and were annoyed because it took a hell of a long time to prove its point and did so in an interminably rambling way. In which case I'll probably get downvoted too.
Who knows? I certainly don't
People, eh? You can't live with them. You can't chop them up with a chainsaw and flush them down the toilet. Well, you can, but eventually you get caught and imprisoned.
lead acid and gassing
deep cycle wet lead acid batteries really need to gas from time to time
The gas is from the electrolysis of water, giving hydrogen and oxygen, and usually happens in overcharging conditions (such as the continuous trickle charge in most UPSs when the batteries are already full). Hydrogen can lead to embrittlement in a variety of materials, which may cause unwanted problems.
In the early days of submarines it was found that the filament lamps in the battery room failed far more frequently than expected. Hydrogen from the batteries diffused rather easily through the glass envelope and caused embrittlement of the tungsten filament, making it more prone to failure from vibration. That glass envelope is sufficient to retain an inert gas in modern filament lamps, or even maintain the vacuum of the early filament lamps, but it won't stop hydrogen.
Of course, most filament lamps are illegal these days, so you probably won't have that problem. But it's probably a good idea to ensure any area with lead-acid batteries on charge is reasonably well ventilated. I don't know if anyone has done any research on the effects of hydrogen on LEDs, for example, but I suspect it won't do them any good in the long term.
Re: "after ignoring NTP for 25 years"
NTP dates to c 1985.
It existed, under the name history..
Some of us look deeper than Wikipedia for our facts.
If, as you claim to believe, MS ignored it for 25 years, that would put the first MS implementation at c 2010.
I can't remember the exact date when I no longer had to install 3rd-party NTP solutions on Windoze because Microsoft had finally included their own implementation, but that date sounds about right. It was somewhere between 6 and 12 years ago. At some point in that timeframe I walked into a room full of computers running up-to-date versions of Windoze and the clocks were all over the place. I showed the person in charge how to fix it by installing a 3rd-party solution because at that point in time there was no Microsoft implementation of NTP.
And that first Microsoft implementation was pretty crap because it used SNTP (intended for querying a serious timeserver on your local network) to query Microsoft-run timeservers across the wider Internet. Because it was SNTP it did almost none of the sophisticated analysis required to compensate for WAN latency/congestion/etc. It was as shitty as I expected, but it was sufficiently adequate that it was no longer worth spending time installing something better.
Yep, 25 years is about right, because I recall David Mills announcing NTP had been in operation for 25 years around the same time that Microsoft finally got around to implementing NTP on Windoze. Just because you find it hard to believe that Microsoft ignored NTP for 25 years does not mean that they didn't ignore it for 25 years. You should not let your personal credulity get in the way of actual facts.
The rest of your post is of similar value.
That appears to be the pot calling an iceberg black.
Re: Mains powered clock
"Just checked my W7 against my MSF clock. W7 is 23 seconds fast. "
and this morning it is only 2 seconds fast - about an hour after powering the PC back on.
I think (for small values of "think") that the next time you reboot it will have a different error. But less than 2 minutes either way. It's something about the granularity of timekeeping on NT-derived versions of Windows (I expect somebody who actually knows about the innards of the beast will be along to correct me).
It seems to me to be rather important for servers (at least) to have the correct time. So that intrusion/hack attempts can be correlated with ISP connection records. It's no good knowing the IP address an attack came from if your clock could be out by two minutes with respect to the ISP's and you get spurious connection details. That's why, whenever I take over admin of a *nix server, one of the first things I do is make sure ntpd is correctly configured and running.
It's also important to have the correct time (or at least co-ordinated time) across any setup using Kerberos (such as Microsoft Active Directory). Oh, I vaguely recall rhere's a rather large slop in the specs for timing in all that. "We need to get the right time to avoid replay attacks, but we want to allow a margin for network congestion/lag and clock drift." Yeah, right.
Microsoft's tech page boasting about how they "improved" NTP adds insult to injury.
Re: Mains powered clock
Just check your clocks & watches against the computer these days. That gets synced to some nice atomic clocks somewhere.
Last time I checked (a few years ago, and I can't be arsed wading through that crap again to see if it's changed), Microsoft trumpeted their embraced and extended version of NTP (after ignoring NTP for 25 years first). After making many "improvements" they guaranteed your computer would show the time correct to ±2 minutes. I could have misremembered that, and it could be that timestamps would have that slop but the displayed clock would do better, but it's still shit. Maybe they've improved things since I looked.
On Linux, using the default NTP servers specified by the installation, I'd be surprised if the time it showed was less accurate than ±50 ms. If I were to configure ntpd to use a few stratum-1 servers (that would be naughty, so I don't do it) I could do better than that.
For those without sane implementations of NTP, every so often Aldi sell a small MSF clock for around a tenner. Or you could install an NTP client app on your phone. Or even tell your phone to get its time from the MNO (not as good, but probably better than Microsoft's "improved" NTP - I just checked and it's about 2s slow).
Re: EE? No need to say any more
Yet, the nearest EE and Three masts are next door to each other...
But not operating on the same frequency. Perhaps not even on the same frequency band. Propagation depends upon frequency. Interference effects depend upon frequency.
Whether I get 3G or 4G from Three depends on whether or not it's raining and other (unknown) factors. Such is life in this modern world.
Perfectly sensible decision
The hackers can no longer rely upon sending the stolen information to a newspaper to publish because the injunction will ensure that no sensible editor would risk publishing it.
Actually, it would also allow take-down orders against any web site the hackers uploaded it to, although other legislation (such as copyright) would probably have sufficed.
The one slight fly in the ointment is Barbra Streisand. But if Clarksons can get an injunction against her, they'll be safe.
I'm starting to wonder about the mushrooms in my morning fry-up. My thought processes seem to be wandering and the walls are melting.
Re: Love it!
there are ghosts in the machines
Nah, it's the Phantom of the Operating System.
Suck on this...
What a great idea!
This is a fantastic idea. For gadget manufacturers.
Such a great idea that I wonder if the gadget manufacturers have bunged the politicians some money on the quiet.
Don't believe me?
The morons who think they can carry out the repair will be the ones who will totally fuck it up. Example: a neighbour wanted to put up curtain wire for some net curtains. A friend of hers was helping her. But they had problems. They couldn't get the eyelets (the ones that screw into the wire) to mate. Which they wanted to do so they could screw one into the window frame to mate with the one screwed into the wire. I explained they need cup hooks (better than screws because you don't need a screwdriver to take the net off for washing). I gave them a couple of cup hooks. Which the neighbour's moronic friend tried to hammer into the frame. Ruining the hooks completely.
These are the kind of people who will be absolutely certain they can carry out the repair. And I can be absolutely certain they'll fuck it up. At which point they'll have no option but to buy a new gadget.
So which would a manufacturer prefer? People taking their gadgets for repair, an activity which usually has low profit margins despite high prices? Or people accidentally destroying their gadget and having to buy a new one?
Of course, the manufacturers can't actively encourage this. It would look very bad. But if they bribe a few politicians to "force" it on them, they're laughing all the way to the bank.
Re: Am I the only one who read that as
Strangely, I read it as "homeopathic."
Re: Not impressive. But then again if you're a sysadmin how would *your* company fair ?
My gut tells me a lot of it's about setting up a process (and the automation to support it) so it's so easy to do the right thing it gets done.
Official pronunciation "Ess-CAP" or "Ess See Ay Pee." I think those pronunciations are C-RAP and use the forbidden (and obvious) pronunciation.
That quibble aside, if you're not using SCAP, why not? OpenSCAP on Linux, a Microsoft embraced and extended abomination of it on Windows. A checklist of all known problems you should disable/neuter (e.g., sendmail, NFS) and automation to check they stay disabled/neutered. And you can customize the ruleset where circumstances demand it, such as not complaining about a web server and an email server on the same host (having one host for each minimizes the size of the attack surface, but small hosting providers may choose to live with that risk).
Why rely on your experience and memory to tell you what to disable/neuter/check when SCAP can do it for you? And keep checking that nobody has slyly installed/enabled something they shouldn't. It's not even pets vs cows territory, it makes sense for pets too.
Missing /s in article
and second, it is never going to pass in any of the larger US states. Because it is, of course, a terrible idea.
Hahahahahahahahahaha. But you really should have included "/s" for those unfamiliar with the dire legislation passed in various blue states.
Re: Embarrassed to be American
You wait until 2020 with a Pai/Palin ticket. Then you'll be embarrassed.
I don't, but I'd rather be seen to be a lonely old man than have to use that God awful online portal.
No need to pretend (or even be) a lonely old man. Not when you can use this...
"I'd use your on-line portal but I'm hopeless with computers."
"Erm, but it says on your account details that you're employed as a computer programmer."
"Yes, I am. Tell me, what do you think of your IT system?"
"I see your point. How can I help you?"
Not the song.
I've walked along twisty, narrow country roads with no pavement (sidewalk in Merkin). More than once I've had to dive into the hedge as some car came speeding around a blind corner. These were roads that often have people on horseback riding along, and if the car had encountered one of those it would have ended nastily.
This see-around-corners trick, even if it worked in real time, would be no good there. You're not going to get any useful data bouncing light off a hedge. Or at a road junction where one corner has buildings (obscuring your view of the turning you wish to take) but the other corners have nothing (not even a hedge or fence).
If you could make it a lot faster, and a lot more reliable, it might be useful as a belt-and-braces solution. A second opinion that occasionally comes into play and improves safety a little in some rare situations. It would be better, at this stage, putting the money into solutions that work in all situations (otherwise known as driving safely).
Make it a criminal offence to file a false report, See how many they get then.
It is a criminal offence to file a false DMCA claim to take down a youtube video you dislike (by filing a DMCA you are claiming, under penalty of perjury that your copyright has been violated). Guess how often false DMCA claims are filed on youtube... It seems to be a favourite pass time of hard-of-thinking religious people to file false DMCAs against atheist videos which point out the contradictions/flaws in their religious beliefs.
As one US president (no, not Dubya or Trump) was surprised to learn, 50% of the population are of below-average intelligence. Adolescents are known to be less capable of resisting the urge to make impulsive actions because they have yet to gain the experience to cause them to apply rational thought before acting. So, "see how many they get then"? Fucking shitloads.
Re: ISPs could mitigate this
We do it for cars, people have to make sure their car is compliant so as not to be a danger to others, it's called an MOT. While MOTs aren't perfect, at least the responsibility is put onto the owner.
My father use to have this approach to driving: assume the other driver is an idiot. Sure, it's the other driver's responsibility to drive safely and with due care and attention, but the injuries you suffer in an accident aren't any less severe because you happened to be in the right.
The same principle applies to MOTs and car maintenance. Your injuries aren't any less severe because the guy should have ensured his car was in a safe condition but did not. At best, the insurance companies will pay for your expenses because the accident wasn't your fault. It's still better to drive defensively.
Yes, people running memcached should tighten their security. There should be a way to fine those that do not, or at least to pass costs of defending yourself from their stupidity onto them. But this isn't an ideal world, so drive defensively.
And in other news...
I see only one compelling argument for maintaining some sort of telly tax to fund the BBC. That's the news.
The days are gone when newspapers had a "Chinese wall" between advertising and content. The days when a newspaper would have a front-page story ripping one of its major advertisers to shreds over its misdeeds, regardless of the financial consequences are just memories Those days went with Maxwell and Murdoch. And even before then the Chinese wall wasn't as strong as some people fondly remember.
In the US, that Chinese wall is also long gone (if it ever truly existed) as far as TV news goes. TV news in the US is very reluctant to attack its major advertisers. TV news about to fuck over your company? Quick, buy a lot of advertising with them so they'll drop the story.
The BBC keeps UK TV news a lot more honest than it otherwise would be. The likes of ITN and Sky news do report the misdeeds of their major advertisers. They have to, because they know the BBC will do so anyway. If they ignore the story then people will know they're biased and switch to the BBC for news, so they lose viewers (and advertising revenue). So they report it and hope the advertiser will stay with them (and maybe even buy more advertising in damage control).
The BBC is why news here is a lot better than in the US. And if you think how bad UK TV news is, just imagine how dire US TV news is.
As to how we fund the BBC to be free of adverts, that's a different argument. I'm merely pointing out the benefits of the BBC remaining free of adverts even if you never watch it and watch only its competitors.
Re: Wordpress is NOT a CMS
just because you can use a tool for something other than what it was designed for, doesn't mean becomes a different tool.
You missed out a word which invalidates your conclusion. Wordpress was originally designed for blogs. Drupal was originally designed as a CMS. Wordpress evolved into a multi-purpose tool (by adding CMS), as did Drupal (by adding blogs).
One can argue over how well either of those two (and others, such as Joomla) have evolved into multi-purpose tools. One can argue over whether Wordpress's CMS is better or worse than Drupal's CMS or whether Wordpress's blog is better or worse than Drupal's blog. One can argue which of them is a better multi-purpose tool, although that is heavily influenced by what one uses the tool for.
What you can't legitimately argue is that any of them are no good at what they now do based upon what they originally did. You would take exception to me claiming that you are hopeless at coding software because originally all you could do was eat, sleep, cry and shit yourself. Things change.
I basically agree with just about everything you wrote. Except this:
This should have ALWAYS been like this.
There was damned good reason for it being that way in the early days of the net. There were few virtual hosts, technology was still evolving, and there were very few non-geeks having a domain name. Back then you could do something really stupid that affected large chunks of the net and it was imperative people contacted you in a hurry.
These days any non-techy can grab a domain name, pay for a vhost (or cloud host) to put up an eyesore of a website. But that's OK, because if you do something on a vhost that causes big problems your hosting company will notice (in an ideal world, anyway) and do something. Nobody needs to contact you to get you to fix it because you wouldn't know how anyway.
I've seen a number of people bitten by whois. Back in the early days one paid by credit card for Yahoo! for hosting and they dumped her name, address and phone number from the card details into the whois. As a result of which, given the nature of her website, she got a stalker.
So yes, it needs to change. But it should have been like this back in the early days. The Morris Worm was just one of the many occasions where being able to find out-of-band contact details (like a phone number) allowed things to be cleaned up a lot faster.
Re: Surely it can be adapted...
The idea of a device that is sutured to a very sensitive area of the participant in advance is likely to encounter... a certain amount of push-back.
Offer it as a labial piercing and they'll all want one, pregnant or not.
Make mine an EE Lightning.
Noisy bastards, those. Very noisy. As I found out, many years ago, at RAF Scampton.
You'd expect something made by English Electric to be a lot quieter. Maybe the noise was from the power cord unreeling.
How to make MAD ever-so-slightly saner.
MAD (Mutually-Assured Destruction) is predicated upon being able to wipe out your opponent even as your opponent is wiping you out. You're both fucked. The hope is that neither side will be so insane as to actually do it, although it's only an effective deterrent if you can persuade your enemy that your leader is insane enough to actually do it (Trump's only talent).
Counter-measures, such as laser and missile (missle in Merkin) defences, destabilize MAD. They raise the possibility that you could nuke your opponent whilst taking out your opponent's counter-strike. That would turn a lose-lose situation into a win for you, giving you an incentive to launch a pre-emptive strike.
Here's where it gets interesting. If you nuke your opponent, the immediate damage is caused by thermal flash and blast wave. In the slightly longer term, fallout (via both radioactivity and the extreme toxicity of various residues) wipe out everyone that survived the blast. In the even longer term, if you use everything in your arsenal (as MAD requires) fallout and nuclear winter wipe out the whole planet.
So here's how to do MAD sanely. Sanely, because it removes the destabilizing effects of counter-measures. If it ever happens, just nuke your own country (turn off your own counter-measures first). Sure, you'll all die immediately or not long after. But in the longer term the fallout and nuclear winter will take out your enemy just as surely as if you had targeted them.
Mine's the NBC suit ---------------->
Re: Ethics? It's a county just north of London, innit?
Next to Kent.
Welsh "f" = English "v." Welsh "ff" = English "f." Welsh "dd" = voiced English "th" (as in "this," not as in "thing"). Welsh "ll" = something unpronounceable.
Re: Tobacco is a carcinogen whether or not you burn it
I suspect big 'baccy likes HNB because there's still the opportunity to tweak the balance of nicotine, MAOIs¹ and enhancers to make them even more addictive using methods they've tweaked to perfection over many years, whereas vaping is pure, pharmaceutical grade nicotine,
Smoking delivers at least 6 different alkaloids, of which nicotine is known to be addictive and two of the others are suspected to be addictive. I think this may be one reason why many people mix their usage of vaping and real cigarettes. Vaping just isn't quite the same. I use vaping to stretch the time between having a cigarette, and in situations where smoking is not permitted but vaping is. The cigarette is a reward for putting up with the less-than-satisfactory vaping. I've cut my usage of cigarettes and cut my expenditure on nicotine delivery, but that's about as far as I can take it with current formulations.
In a sane world we'd be doing research on the addictiveness and harmfulness of those other alkaloids and, if the research warranted it, authorizing formulations including them. And it's almost guaranteed that it would be safer to get nicotine+alkaloids by vaping than by smoking (where you get nicotine+alkaloids+tar+carbon monoxide+witch's brew of other crap).
For those who vape for the nicotine rather than the taste, LiQuid does 10ml of 18mg nicotine liquid for a pound. Reviews of the flavours are mixed, but they're good enough for me. There are weird breakpoints on postage, so check carefully before ordering (last time I ordered, 80ml came in cheaper per ml than 100ml because of postage breakpoints). Other companies are around £2.50/10ml, so this is a big saving.
Underlying mode of operationi
There's no practical distinction between google and youtube. Both track you in order to learn more about you in order to target you with advertising. They populate and make use of a shared database about their consumers. One serves up search results and the other serves up videos, but that's a minor distinction.