"Compared to China or the USA, this fragmented situation puts Europe at a disadvantage"
This suggests that the US is one conglomerate. Not quite so, for example: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Privacy_laws_of_the_United_States
IIRC police agencies in the US differ greatly in their permitted activities, often depending on the jurisdiction in which they operate and I would expect the same to apply to telecoms companies retaining data, however if someone has more precise knowledge, I would be happy to be accurately corrected.
Re: "Compared to China or the USA, this fragmented situation puts Europe at a disadvantage"
What is she trying to say exactly?
Is it that whatever remaining industry will depart these European shores for America or China because - despite the massive differences between the three regions - the main consideration in deciding where to build your factory or whatever is how much it costs to make phone call.
This comes from the company...
...which does not peer with others and charges twice as much as the competition to get to their network. Hosters in Germany already offer you direct traffic under the name of "double paid traffic".